When looking at a Topographical Map you need to be able to identify terrain features to effectively navigate through a Wilderness Area. There are 5 Major and 3 Minor terrain features you need to know. This article will discuss those terrain features.
5 Major Terrain Features
A Hilltop is an area of high ground from which the ground slopes down in all directions.
A Saddle is a low point between two areas of high ground.
A Ridge is high ground where the ground slopes in three directions and high ground in another.
A Valley is low-lying ground that has three directions of high ground and one direction of low ground.
A Depression is a low point of ground or a sinkhole.
3 MINOR TERRAIN FEATURES
A Spur is a Ground that Slopes downward and it protrudes out from the side of a ridge or hilltop.
A Draw is where ground slopes upward on each side and toward the head of the draw.
A Cliff vertical slop or drop off.
Knowing the above terrain features allows you to effectively understand and navigate using a Topographical map. Before you head into a wilderness area get a topographical map review the area you plan on exploring. Below is a video on the above terrain features that will give you a better explanation of terrain features on a Topographical Map.